SpringBoot 配置 okhttp3

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SpringBoot 配置 okhttp3


 

1. Maven 添加依赖

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.squareup.okhttp3</groupId>
    <artifactId>okhttp</artifactId>
    <version>3.10.0</version>
</dependency>

 

2. application.properties 配置文件

ok.http.connect-timeout=30
ok.http.read-timeout=30
ok.http.write-timeout=30
# 连接池中整体的空闲连接的最大数量
ok.http.max-idle-connections=200
# 连接空闲时间最多为 300 秒
ok.http.keep-alive-duration=300

 

3. OkHttpConfiguration 配置类

import okhttp3.ConnectionPool;
import okhttp3.OkHttpClient;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

import javax.net.ssl.*;
import java.security.*;
import java.security.cert.CertificateException;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;


/**
 * @author Answer.AI.L
 * @date 2019-04-09
 */
@Configuration
public class OkHttpConfiguration {

    @Value("${ok.http.connect-timeout}")
    private Integer connectTimeout;

    @Value("${ok.http.read-timeout}")
    private Integer readTimeout;

    @Value("${ok.http.write-timeout}")
    private Integer writeTimeout;

    @Value("${ok.http.max-idle-connections}")
    private Integer maxIdleConnections;

    @Value("${ok.http.keep-alive-duration}")
    private Long keepAliveDuration;

    @Bean
    public OkHttpClient okHttpClient() {
        return new OkHttpClient.Builder()
                .sslSocketFactory(sslSocketFactory(), x509TrustManager())
                // 是否开启缓存
                .retryOnConnectionFailure(false)
                .connectionPool(pool())
                .connectTimeout(connectTimeout, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
                .readTimeout(readTimeout, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
                .writeTimeout(writeTimeout,TimeUnit.SECONDS)
            	.hostnameVerifier((hostname, session) -> true)
            	// 设置代理
//            	.proxy(new Proxy(Proxy.Type.HTTP, new InetSocketAddress("127.0.0.1", 8888)))
                // 拦截器
//                .addInterceptor()
                .build();
    }

    @Bean
    public X509TrustManager x509TrustManager() {
        return new X509TrustManager() {
            @Override
            public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType)
                    throws CertificateException {
            }
            @Override
            public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType)
                    throws CertificateException {
            }
            @Override
            public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
                return new X509Certificate[0];
            }
        };
    }

    @Bean
    public SSLSocketFactory sslSocketFactory() {
        try {
            // 信任任何链接
            SSLContext sslContext = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
            sslContext.init(null, new TrustManager[]{x509TrustManager()}, new SecureRandom());
            return sslContext.getSocketFactory();
        } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException | KeyManagementException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }

    @Bean
    public ConnectionPool pool() {
        return new ConnectionPool(maxIdleConnections, keepAliveDuration, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
    }
}

 

4. OkHttp 类

import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import okhttp3.*;
import org.apache.commons.lang3.exception.ExceptionUtils;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import java.util.Map;


/**
 * @author Answer.AI.L
 * @date 2019-04-09
 */
@Slf4j
@Component
public class OkHttpCli {
    private static final MediaType JSON = MediaType.parse("application/json; charset=utf-8");
    private static final MediaType XML = MediaType.parse("application/xml; charset=utf-8");

    @Autowired
    private OkHttpClient okHttpClient;

    /**
     * get 请求
     * @param url       请求url地址
     * @return string
     * */
    public String doGet(String url) {
        return doGet(url, null, null);
    }


    /**
     * get 请求
     * @param url       请求url地址
     * @param params    请求参数 map
     * @return string
     * */
    public String doGet(String url, Map<String, String> params) {
        return doGet(url, params, null);
    }

    /**
     * get 请求
     * @param url       请求url地址
     * @param headers   请求头字段 {k1, v1 k2, v2, ...}
     * @return string
     * */
    public String doGet(String url, String[] headers) {
        return doGet(url, null, headers);
    }


    /**
     * get 请求
     * @param url       请求url地址
     * @param params    请求参数 map
     * @param headers   请求头字段 {k1, v1 k2, v2, ...}
     * @return string
     * */
    public String doGet(String url, Map<String, String> params, String[] headers) {
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(url);
        if (params != null && params.keySet().size() > 0) {
            boolean firstFlag = true;
            for (String key : params.keySet()) {
                if (firstFlag) {
                    sb.append("?").append(key).append("=").append(params.get(key));
                    firstFlag = false;
                } else {
                    sb.append("&").append(key).append("=").append(params.get(key));
                }
            }
        }

        Request.Builder builder = new Request.Builder();
        if (headers != null && headers.length > 0) {
            if (headers.length % 2 == 0) {
                for (int i = 0; i < headers.length; i = i + 2) {
                    builder.addHeader(headers[i], headers[i + 1]);
                }
            } else {
                log.warn("headers's length[{}] is error.", headers.length);
            }

        }

        Request request = builder.url(sb.toString()).build();
        log.info("do get request and url[{}]", sb.toString());
        return execute(request);
    }

    /**
     * post 请求
     * @param url       请求url地址
     * @param params    请求参数 map
     * @return string
     */
    public String doPost(String url, Map<String, String> params) {
        FormBody.Builder builder = new FormBody.Builder();

        if (params != null && params.keySet().size() > 0) {
            for (String key : params.keySet()) {
                builder.add(key, params.get(key));
            }
        }
        Request request = new Request.Builder().url(url).post(builder.build()).build();
        log.info("do post request and url[{}]", url);

        return execute(request);
    }


    /**
     * post 请求, 请求数据为 json 的字符串
     * @param url       请求url地址
     * @param json      请求数据, json 字符串
     * @return string
     */
    public String doPostJson(String url, String json) {
        log.info("do post request and url[{}]", url);
        return exectePost(url, json, JSON);
    }

    /**
     * post 请求, 请求数据为 xml 的字符串
     * @param url       请求url地址
     * @param xml       请求数据, xml 字符串
     * @return string
     */
    public String doPostXml(String url, String xml) {
        log.info("do post request and url[{}]", url);
        return exectePost(url, xml, XML);
    }


    private String exectePost(String url, String data, MediaType contentType) {
        RequestBody requestBody = RequestBody.create(contentType, data);
        Request request = new Request.Builder().url(url).post(requestBody).build();

        return execute(request);
    }

    private String execute(Request request) {
        Response response = null;
        try {
            response = okHttpClient.newCall(request).execute();
            if (response.isSuccessful()) {
                return response.body().string();
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            log.error(ExceptionUtils.getStackTrace(e));
        } finally {
            if (response != null) {
                response.close();
            }
        }
        return "";
    }

}

 

5. 使用验证

@RestController
public class AnswerController {
    @Autowired
    private OkHttpCli okHttpCli;
    
    
	@RequestMapping(value = "show", method = RequestMethod.GET)
    public String show() {
        String url = "https://www.baidu.com/";
		String message = okHttpCli.doGet(url);
        return message;
    }
    
}

 

6. 双向认证(待证)

@Bean
public SSLSocketFactory sslSocketFactory() {
    String certPath = "";
    String caPath = "";
    String certPwd = "";
    String caPwd = "";

    try {
        ClassPathResource selfcertPath = new ClassPathResource(certPath);
        ClassPathResource trustcaPath = new ClassPathResource(caPath);
        KeyStore selfCert = KeyStore.getInstance("pkcs12");
        selfCert.load(selfcertPath.getInputStream(), certPwd.toCharArray());
        KeyManagerFactory kmf = KeyManagerFactory.getInstance("sunx509");
        kmf.init(selfCert, certPwd.toCharArray());
        KeyStore caCert = KeyStore.getInstance("jks");
        caCert.load(trustcaPath.getInputStream(), caPwd.toCharArray());
        TrustManagerFactory tmf = TrustManagerFactory.getInstance("sunx509");
        tmf.init(caCert);
        SSLContext sslContext = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
        sslContext.init(kmf.getKeyManagers(), tmf.getTrustManagers(), null);
        return sslContext.getSocketFactory();
    } catch (Exception e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
    return null;
}
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